Hindi Diwas: History, significance and how the September 14 event is celebrated | India News


NEW DELHI: Hindi Diwas, observed across the country in schools, colleges and other institutions on Wednesday, is the celebration of the declaration of Hindi as the official language of India. It is celebrated every year on September 14.
History
On 14th September in the year 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India decided by one vote that Hindi would be the official language of India. Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year on 14 September to mark this day.
The day also marks the birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha, who was an acclaimed Indian scholar. Simha is known for the illustrations in the original final manuscript of the Constitution of India.
It was on his 50th birthday that the Hindi language got adopted in official terms. It was the late Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who decided to celebrate September 14 as Hindi Diwas.
Importance
Since 1949, the day is celebrated across the country in schools, colleges, other educational institutions, offices and other places every year. This day marks the importance of Hindi language in India.
Hindi Diwas is celebrated on September 14 annually to promote the language and its usage across the nation. Hindi is the official language in India and is quite popular in countries like- Fiji, New Zealand, Singapore, Mauritius, others.
Over 420 million people around the world speak Hindi as their first language while 120 million people have Hindi as their second.
Apart from Hindi Diwas, World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January to commemorate the anniversary of the first World Hindi Conference held at Nagpur on January 10, 1975, in which 122 delegates from 30 countries participated. The aim of the conference was to promote Hindi language across the world.
How it is observed
In order to promote Hindi language, the Hindi Diwas is celebrated with great pomp in schools, colleges and other institutions. On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, many programs are also organised in schools and colleges. In this, students prepare speeches in this language, while some students recite essays, poems, stories for this occasion.
Many institutions hold cultural festivals and activities to celebrate Hindi Diwas. Awards like Rajbhasha Kirti Puruskar, Rajbhasha Gaurav Puruskar are conferred to the Ministries, Departments, Public Sector Units, Nationalised Banks and citizens for their contribution in Hindi languages.





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